How the most elaborate pavilion came to be


Initial idea and motivation

The X pavilion is designed by us, SAGA Studio. We are an architecture studio located in Copenhagen, Denmark. SAGA Specializes in Space Architecture and have worked on NASA sponsored projects. The Aesthetic of the X pavilion started with the inspiration of an Award Winning Moon Habitat Designed which we designed in 2018.

We designed the first X pavilion to house one of the worlds largest Mars Gravity experiments in Switzerland. The hole idea behind it was to create something for ourselves which was sustainable, long lasting, easy to transport between countries, and easy to assemble for a team with no prior experience.

We ended up with the signature "X-joint" which sandwiches the wooden segments in a strong joint without the need of nails, screws or glue. The X-joint is great because it because stronger as you construct the pavilion because the weight increases the friction.


Handcraft empowered by algortihms

Our approach to design balances between the using the best technology and attention to craftmanship. We used parametric algorithms to develop the shape, size and density of the X pavilion. It takes time to develop the algorithm, but once it's build its fast to iterate and optimize the pavilion, by tweaking each parameter.

It was important for us to create a pavilion which was dense and strong, but still used minimum amount of material. We are proud of our final solution, which with very little material can take up a large volume. We are continuously optimizing the design and workflow.

algorithm visualisation

Algorithmic Design

Tweaking parameters for the algorithm is the best way to try different things out and effectively get the most optimally aesthetic result.

Full pavilion shown


Perfection - even behind the scenes

The final feature of the pavilion is it's ultra small dimensions when packed for transport or storage. The pavilion can fit within a 150x120x80cm (59x47x31.5 inches) box. When packed the pavilion's volume is a tiny 1,44 m³ while it's unfolded volume is almost 100 m³ - this is an increase of 6900%.